Monday, May 25, 2020

The Legacy Of The Olympic Games - 1743 Words

Kyle Walsh History 261 Adam Johnson 3 April 2015 The Salute Seen Around the World For nearly as long as humans have been around, some form of athletic competition has also existed. Dating back to the ancient Romans, people would travel from all around to see their men compete. Since 1894, the International Olympic Committee has organized the worldwide event we know as the modern Olympic Games. The games have for a long time been a center point of many protests, revolving around the current events and arguments of the time. American sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos created one of the most iconic and socially important Olympic protests at the 1968 Summer Games, when they raised their fists up while giving the Black Panther salute on the podium. A gesture that has been celebrated, criticized, and discussed to this day. The Olympic Games are one of the most followed events in the world. As the games grew in popularity and viewership, thanks to the improvements of technology throughout the 20th Century, these protests became more recognizable. The Olympics create an international platform with one of the largest viewing audiences of any TV event, making it very easy to send ones message to many nations. Not only that, but the messages that the athletes would display were viewed at under a closer scope, as they represent their countries. The protests and complaints made were looked at as national headlines and other governments would often scrutinize the countries of theShow MoreRelatedHas Hosting the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics Games Been Successful in Fulfilling the Olympic Legacy?2732 Words   |  11 Pagesthe London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics Games Been Successful in Fulfilling The Olympic legacy? Has Hosting the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympics Games Been Successful in Fulfilling The Olympic legacy? London was placed on the shortlist for the 2012 Olympics and Paralympics host city back in May 2004. The International Olympics Committee (IOC) eventually announced that London had been successful in July 2005 following a large campaign backing the bid. The bid for the games was led by LondonRead MoreSports Infrastructure Legacy And Economic Legacy872 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to International Olympic Committee documents (International Olympic Committee, 2007) and some previous Olympic bid documents (Cashman, 1984; Stevens, 1999; Woodhouse March, 2010), it is difficult to definite the Olympic legacy due to the multidisciplinary and dynamic. But in general, the Olympic legacy is something left and have a long term influence to the Olympic host city or the state or country after holding the event. Legacies could be tangible and intangible, positive and negativeRead More2016 Boston Olympics A Chance1272 Words   |  6 PagesBoston Olympics a Chance â€Å"Give 2024 Boston Olympics a chance!† people invoked on social network, after Mayor Marty Walsh announced 2024 Boston Olympic bid. Due to hundred years of development, Olympic spirits influenced and inspired generation after generation. Now, the Olympics is not only a athletic match, but also a stage for the host to show up. Hosting the Olympics in Boston would provide a wonderful opportunity to build a valuable legacy not only for Boston, but also for the Olympic movementRead MoreNew And Existing Sporting Facilities Required For The Olympics1516 Words   |  7 Pagesthat they rapidly decreased after the Olympics had gone, failing to maintain a sustainable legacy in terms of employment (Fedderson, 2010). Furthermore, there is no significant evidence that the suggests the Olympics influenced neither the employment in the retail and trade industry nor the overall employment across the state (Ji, 2015) New Existing Sporting Facilities The construction and refurbishment of the sporting facilities required for the Olympics to take place in Atlanta, was supervisedRead MoreSustainable Tourism And Its Practices Within A Hallmark Event960 Words   |  4 PagesPAPER LONDON OLYMPICS, 2012 MOHIT PARTAP SINGH CONTENT Summary Overview Introduction Social impact Economic impact Environmental impact Opinion Conclusion Summary: This paper discuses about the sustainable tourism and its practices within a hallmark event. Sustainable tourism is very important because tourism is one of the world’s fastest growing industry and is major source of income of some countries. Tourism industry provide many jobs that help local economy. Olympic movement hasRead MoreThe Olympics Of Rio De Janeiro Essay1715 Words   |  7 Pagesworld goes into a clamor for the Olympic Games, and cities aggressively bid for the right to host these events. Cities literally fight for the right to hold these games and spend exorbitant amounts of money in the hopes of bringing the worlds Olympiad’s to their municipality. But, is the prestige of being the host worth it for the host city? It is becoming more apparent that these endeavors are detrimental to the economy, if you look at the five most recent summer Olympics; Rio de Janeiro, London, BeijingRead MoreBenefits to the Uk of Hosting the Olympic Games in 2012748 Words   |   3 Pagesof London. The IOC (International Olympic Committee) awarded the city of London the right to stage the 2012 summer Olympics after fighting off fierce competition (Adam, 2005). The bid for the games has always had loud political undertones that were obvious during the bidding process. Some of the arguments raised included the benefits and negative effects hosting the games could bring. This paper examines the economic benefits and costs of hosting the Olympics. The net benefits are found to be positiveRead MoreThe Olympics And Olympic Games Essay1283 Words   |  6 Pages The Olympics are a symbol of celebration of the entire world coming together in one city to celebrate sportsmanship and athleticism. However, one very important question has been raised, especially in the new era of being aware of our global impact: how sustainable are the Olympics? Pulling from the system thinking from Meadows, the purpose of the Olympics is to unify the world and celebrate hard work and dedication. The amount of people that come to the city for the Olympics and the facilitiesRead More3. Literature Review There is a large amount of relevant material available regarding the short1300 Words   |  6 Pagesamount of relevant material available regarding the short term economic impacts of hosting the Olympic Games. There is however very little literature written on the post-games era and the economic development it brings to a nation. The economic impact of staging an Olympic Games can be hard to measure accurately. A number of studies exist that illustrate the economic impact of hosting the Olympic Games, often predicting large economic benefits. Humphreys and Plummer (1995), state that the short termRead MoreThe Olympic Games Of The Olympics925 Words   |  4 PagesThe Summer Olympic Games is the leading international sporting event in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. According to existing historical manuscripts, the first ancient Olympic Games were celebrated in 776 BC in Olympia. They were dedicated to the Greek god Zeus and took place in the same place every four years. This four year period became known as an â€Å"Olympiad† (International Olympic Committee, 2012). The first modern games were held in

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The payment system of India and the relevant legislation - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 2007 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Topics: India Essay Did you like this example? Introduction The development of a country depends upon the financial stability of that country. The government or central authority of country formulates the schemes which can work efficiently and adequately for the proper functioning of the financial sector of a country. The financial sector of India has undergone drastic change in the last two decades. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The payment system of India and the relevant legislation" essay for you Create order Payment plays a vital role in the financial sector and it is considered as indispensable part in everyday transactions. A payment system is a mechanism that facilitates transfer of value between a payer and a beneficiary by which the payer discharges the payment obligations to the beneficiary.[1] The payment and settlement system serve as a backbone of financial system of a country.[2] Payment increases the GDP of the country therefore the payment system of country should be safe, secure, efficient and accessible. A safe and efficient payment and settlement system is sine qua non for the proper functioning of the financial system and it also plays an important role in the implementation of monetary policy as they provide conduit through which policy signals are transmitted.[3] Generally the central bank of any country works for the development of national payment system. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI), like other central banks, has been endeavoring to develop the payment and sett lement system in India on a safe, sound, secure and efficient basis.[4] The Indian payment system is based on the paper- transaction but with the changing time the situation has changed. An alternative method of payment has been encouraged by reserve Bank of India which will make the process of banking system easier and bring safety, security and efficiency in the payment system. With the efforts of the Reserve Bank of India, the Indian banking sector has been progressing and trying to adopt and implement electronic payment to enhance the banking system.[5] The Reserve Bank of India has introduced Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) and National Electronic Funds Transfer (NEFT) and National Electronic Clearing Services which facilitates customer to adopt electronic method of payment. It is confirmed by the survey that use of electronic method of payment has increased over a period of time. The reason behind this is advancement in the technology, increasing awareness among the consu mers and internet accessibility. The Reserve Bank of India has played pivotal role in the implementation of electronic payment system. The payment and settlement system works efficiently and smoothly if is maintained by a sound legal framework. The major step in this direction is the enactment of the Payment and Settlement Act of 2007. The payment and Settlement Act, 2007 was declared in 2007 but came into effect on August 12, 2008. The Act authorizes Reserve Bank of India to regulate and supervise the payment system in India. In India, the payment and settlement system is regulated by the Payment and Settlement Act of 2007. History Of The Legislation The Payment and Settlement draft Bill was prepared in 2002 under the chairmanship of Dr. RH Patil. The committee was formed by the Reserve Bank of India to examine the various aspects of the payment system related to the legal basis of the system. The terms of reference of the committee set up by the Reserve Bank of India were as follows:- [6] à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“To examine the adequacy of legal basis for payment system; To suggest appropriate legislative changes for regulation of payment systems; To suggest an administrative set-up within the bank for administering regulation and supervision of payment systems; Any other related matter.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [7] Finally the R H Patil committee examines the Payment and Settlement Systems Bill prepared by the Task Force on legal issues of the National Payment Council to proffer advice on matters relating to payment systems. [8] The Payment and Settlement bill was composed in 2002 but it was introduced in the Parliament in 2006. The Act came into the declaration in December by receiving the assent of the President and finally it is enforced on August 12, 2008. Payment And Settlement Act 2007 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" Critical Study The Act constitute of the eight chapters and thirty- eight sections. Two regulations have been notified by the Reserve Bank of India in 2008 under the Payment and Settlement Act. These regulation are;- Board for Regulation and Supervision of Payment and Settlement System Regulations 2008 (BPSS). Payment and Settlement Systems Regulations (2008).[9] The BPSS Regulation cover: Composition of the Board; Functions and powers of the Board; Powers to be exercised on behalf of the Board; Constitution of sub- committees. Settlement System Regulations cover the following: Authorization of payment systems including submission of application for authorization for commencing or carrying on a payment systems, grant of authorization certificates, certificate formats, etc.; Payment instructions and determination of standards; Furnishing of returns, documents and other information; Furnishing of audited balance sheets, etc.[10] Objective Behind The Payment And Settlement Act The payment and settlement system considered to be the backbone of the financial sector of our country. Gradually the financial sector has been progressing and has undergone change in the payment transfer from paper- based clearing to the Real Time Gross Settlement. The electronic payment system is developed to facilitates non- cash mode of payment. There are several retail payment system operated in India like manual paper-based clearing, Electronic Fund Transfer System, card-based system, MICR Clearing etc. The Reserve Bank of India operates and manages the paper- based cheque processing across India at four places which includes Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. In addition to these places it is managed by twelve centers which are operated by public sector under the supervision of the Reserve Bank of India. The other centers involved are the clearing house, which are voluntary bodies of bank who get involved expressly to for t he purpose of clearing payment system and following the instruction given by the Reserve Bank of India. The Electronic Transfer System is defined under the Payment and Settlement Act as à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Electronic Fund Transfer (EFT) is a system whereby anyone who wants to make payment to another person/company, etc., can approach his bank and make cash payment or give instructions/authorization to transfer funds directly from his own account to bank account of the receiver/beneficiary. Complete details such as the receivers name, bank account number, account type (savings or current account), bank name, city, branch name, etc., should be furnished to the bank at the time of requesting for such transfers so that the amount reaches the beneficiaries account correctly and faster. RBI is the service provider for EFT.à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ [11] The Real Time Gross Settlement System (RTGS) for the large à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" value payment system is operated by the Reserve Bank of India. The Ca rd Based System is not operated by the Reserve Bank of India but it is indirectly operated and regulated by the card issuing bank. Under the section 58(2)(p) of the Reserve Bank of India Act of 1934, the Central Board of Directors Of the Reserve Bank of India is authorized to prepare regulations for clearing house of banks. Therefore because of the above mentioned reasons and the pivotal role played by the Reserve Bank of India it was proposed that there should be some legislation which will empower the Reserve Bank of India to act as a designating authority and to bestowed with the following powers and functions; It is the responsibility to RBI to check the payment and settlement system across the country including card companies, Clearing Corporation of India etc. The RBI should lay down the procedure for authorization of payment system and also for the revocation of the payment system. The RBI should give directions and guidelines to system providers. The RBI should maintain operational and technical standards for payment system. To call for information and furnish returns and documents from the service providers. To audit and inspect the systems and premises of the system providers To make legislation for carrying out the provision of the proposed legislation To impose fines and penalties for not providing information or documents or wrongfully disclosing information, etc.[12] Finally the Bill was passed by the Parliament seeking to achieve above mentioned objects. Designated Authority And Its Committee Chapter 2 of the Act contains the section 3 which deals with authorities designated by this Act. Under this section, the Payment and settlement Act designates the Reserve Bank of India as the authority for the supervision and regulation of payment system. It also provides for the constitution of the committee of the Central Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of India. Board For Regulation And Supervision Of Payment And Settlement System (BPSS) The board for regulation and supervision of payment and settlement system is constituted under the section 3(2) of the Act for the regulation and supervision of the payment system. The board constituted shall consist of the following members; Governor, Reserve Bank, who shall be the chairperson of the board; Deputy Governors, Reserve Bank, out of whom the Deputy Governor who is in- charge of the Payment and Settlement System, shall be the Vice- President of the Board; Not exceeding three Directors from the Central Board of the Reserve Bank of India to be nominated by the governor, Reserve Bank.[13] Powers and functions of the Board:- Board should lay down the policies for the regulation and supervision of the payment and settlement system. Board should lay down the standards for existing as well as for the future payment and settlement system. The authorization of payment and settlement system. The board to decide the criteria for membership of payment and settlement system. Board to examine the rule and regulations framed under any statutes for giving direction from time to time. Board should take major and effective steps for proper regulation and supervision of the payment and settlement system. The board should create the essential administering structure within the existing rules and regulations for effective regulation and supervision of the payment and settlement system. The BPSS meets regularly and gives direction for bringing in efficiency, safety and customer convenience in the payment and settlement systems. There are several areas in which BPSS has provided direction such as; preparation of a framework for payment through mobile phones, extension of the jurisdiction of magnetic ink character recognition (MICR), clearing house and computerization of non- MICR clearing houses, launching the Indo- Nepal remittance system, making use of electronic mode of payment mandatory for large value transaction, making all RTGS branches NEFT enabled- while upgrading the NEFT system into a round- the à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" clock type remittance system, exploring the feasibility of of developing a domestic card to inject competition in the market in a non- discriminatory manner, facilitating optimum use of ATMà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s by cash withdrawal.[14] Authorization Of Payment System Chapter 3 deals with the authorization of payment system. Section 4 of the Act states that no person can operates the payment system without obtaining authorization from Reserve Bank of India. Under the Act the RBI is empowered to act as designating authority to regulates and supervise the payment system. Section 4 conveys that person can operates the payment and settlement system after obtaining authorization from the RBI. The Reserve Bank of India can authorizes a person to operate or regulate the existing houses or new clearing houses of banks in order to have a common retail clearing house throughout the country.[15] Under section 5 of the Act person who wants to operate the payment system can apply for authorization. The application for the authorization should be [1] M.L. Tannan, Tannanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Banking Law And Practice In India 354 (25th ed. Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa 2012) [2] M.A. Rashid, Law Relating To Electronic Transfer Of Money 11 (1st ed. Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa 2010) [3] N.S. Toor, Handbook Of Banking Information 58 (31st ed. Skylark Publications 2010) [4] M.L. Tannan, Tannanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Banking Law And Practice In India 355 (25th ed. Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa 2012) [5] Ibid [6] M.A. Rashid, Law Relating To Electronic Transfer Of Money 11 (1st ed. Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa 2010) [7] Ibid [8] N.S. Toor, Handbook Of Banking Information 58 (31st ed. Skylark Publications 2010) [9] supra note 6 [10] Ibid [11] Payment and Settlement Act, 2007 2(c) [12] supra note 2 [13] Payment and Settlement Act of 2007 3(2). [14] M.L. Tannan, Tannanà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s Banking Law And Practice In India 354 (25th ed. Lexis Nexis Butterworths Wadhwa 2012) [15] Payment a nd Settlement Act of 2007 4(2)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Story Of The Movie Lucy - 827 Words

Lucy Heartfilia was getting off the train as she sees a huge crowd. Lucy is a Celestial Wizard. SHe summons spirits from another realm to help fight her battles. She walks towards the crowd and find a man that goes by the name Salamander. Salamander personally invited Lucy to a party on his yacht. Although, little did she know, she was being hypnotized by rings that were banned. The rings hypnotized girls. Since Lucy knew what the rings did, she couldn’t get hypnotized. A boy with pink hair rushed over and saved her. â€Å" Are you alright?† he asked. â€Å" Yes, but who are you?† Lucy asked. â€Å" I am Natsu, the dragon son.† Natsu replied. To thank him, Lucy asked Natsu if he wanted to have lunch. Natsu said yes and they headed off to a Cafe’. Natsu†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å" I knew it. You weren’t the real salamander!† yelled Natsu. â€Å" You finally figured it out.† said the man. â€Å" Who are you then?!† yelled Natsu. â€Å" The names Bora,† he said. â€Å" I knew I recognized you!† said Natsu. They start to fight. â€Å" Natsu use dragon breath† yelled Natsu. A dragon appeared and went start towards Bora and threw him up into the air and slammed him onto the boat. Then, Natsu used his most powerful move. Fire wind. Suddenly, the boat started to move towards the shore and crashed on the beach, nearly hitting a woman, her husband, and child. Natsu came out of the boat without a single scratch. Everyone was surprised, even Bora and hi henchmen. Bora had been flown out of the boat and was laying on the sand. He was still conscious and was surprised that he hadn’t been killed. Suddenly, Natsu ate the fire and he was on fire, but not burning though. â€Å" Eating fire helps his magic become stronger.† said Happy. â€Å" YOU CAN TALK?!† yelled Lucy. â€Å" Yeah. I’m Happy and I like fish,† said Happy. Back at the fight, Natsu was kicking Bora’s butt. He took off his little jacket he was wearing and revealed a Fairy Tail symbol on his shoulder. â€Å" He’s part of Fairy Tail!! Let’s get out of here.† said Bora’s henchmen as the run off, carrying Bora. Although before they had a chance to run off, Natsu used his finishing move to finish both Bora and his henchmen. To finish them off, Natsu used Fire Dragon, which made a huge dragon breathing fire appear. Bora andShow MoreRelatedThe Story Of The Movie Lucy And I Were Up Front 991 Words   |  4 Pages Everything was going great on our way home our two week long mission. Lucy and I were up front, talking side by side about the new addition of Sorcerer Magazine while Natsu and Gray walked behind us. They were bickering once more about something that I didn t bother to pay any attention to. And Happy was most likely walking besides them. Happy wasn t to happy with me at the moment, as I had stepped on his tail by accident while trying to help out Natsu take down a monster. No matter how manyRead MoreAnalysis Of The Movie 50 First Dates Essay1590 Words   |  7 PagesDates† is a romantic comedy movie starring Adam Sandler (Henry Roth) as a veterinary surgeon, Drew Barrymore (Lucy Whitmore), who is amnesiac, and Rob Schneider. In this movie, Lucy is depicted to have a syndrome called amnesic syndrome. The movie starts in Oahu, in Hawaii at the Sea Life Park Island where Henry Roth has a reputation of seducing female tourists who visits the Island. Henry shows no interest in committing himself into a serious relationship. The story takes a turn when Henry’sRead MoreViolence in Dracula1277 Words   |  6 Pagesthe same impact if it were lacking violence. So to holds true to that of the movie. The movie bares different characteristics then that of the book. First off, the whole ordeal with the wolf escaping and jumping into Lucy s, room and Lucy s mom having a heart attacked is never even mention in the movie. Second, The night when the four men go to Lucy s grave and find it empty is stated both in the book and in the movie however what unfolds after this is different. Finally, the end of the book differsRead MoreIron Jawed Angels By Katja Von Garnier1651 Words   |  7 Pagesmany others in 1890. Alice Paul and Lucy Burns, two of the younger women suffragists, join the NAWSA (the National American Woman Suffrage Association) to try to push for the constitutional amendment for women’s suffrage. Carrie Catt and Anna Shaw allow Alice Paul and Lucy Burns to take over the Washington D.C. NAWSA committee, but Alice and Lucy would have to raise their own funds for the committee. When Alice and Lucy first get to Washington D.C., Alice and Lucy go around recruiting a team of volunteersRead MoreChronicles of Narnia1005 Words   |  5 PagesChronicles of Narnia The Chronicles of Narnia research paper The Chronicle of Narnia is a very interesting book, it has a classic Good vs. Evil plot. In this story four brave children a saved land. The book and the movie did not have many differences except for some that were small. To begin the plot of the book, the story takes place during the Second World War in London. Their father was gone in the war and they were living with their mother, there city was getting bombed so they were forced toRead MoreI Am Sam s Mental Retardation999 Words   |  4 Pages I was personally very moved by the entire story. I learned a lot about how these kinds of cases usually pan out for those that are mentally disabled. I had not ever thought of a story like this, but now that I was opened to these kinds of issues in the lives of people with mental disabilities, I am glad that I watched this movie and gain some insight. Sam faced several psychological issues in this story. Out of all the psychological issues this movie portrays Sam to have, his mental retardationRead MoreThe Theme of Emotions versus Control in Sense and Sensibility the Movie542 Words   |  3 PagesThe Theme of Emotions versus Control in Sense and Sensibility the Movie In the movie Sense and Sensibility, Jane Austen illuminated the repeated theme of emotions versus control through the actions of her two characters, Marianne, who was very sensuous and Elinor, who was very sensible. Their actions showed how Marianne was in touch with her senses and fully experienced her emotions and how Elinor seemed to possess good practical judgment and thought more about her actions and consequences thoroughlyRead MoreI am Sam Disability1394 Words   |  6 Pagesthe movie I am Sam to challenge my own opinion on how people with disabilities should be treated under certain circumstances. I am Sam is a movie about a mentally challenged man, named Sam, striving to raise his daughter, Lucy, alone. Diagnosed with Autism, Sam’s intellectual capacity cannot exceed the age of 7. As we watch Lucy grow up under Sam’s roof, we are able to see the love they have for each other. When Lucy reaches the age of 8, social workers see this as an issue, so they place Lucy inRead MoreAnalysis Of I Am Sam848 Words   |  4 PagesThe movie, I Am Sam is about a single father who has a developmental disability and who has an IQ of a seven-year-old who wants and tries to take care of his baby daughter. He had his daughter, Lucy with a homeless woman and she left Sam just after she had her. There are some complications and then he loses her through court because people convince him he could not give her the love she deserved. The article online and the movie were the same. In many people’s opinion, books are better than the moviesRead MoreAnalysis of the Film Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion Witch and Wardrobe Directed by Andrew Adamson508 Words   |  3 PagesDirector Andrew Adamson’s intriguing film â€Å"Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion Witch and Wardrobe†, is based on C.S. Lewis’s novel. The film tells the story of four children who are evacuated to the countryside during the Second World War bombing of London and find a m agical wardrobe that leads to another world which has been cursed to eternal winter by the evil White Witch Jadis. Forgiveness is a suggested theme throughout the film. There are many examples in the film that show the siblings have to go

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Leadership and its Impact on Organizational Performance

Question: Discuss leadership and its impact on organizational performance. Answer: Introduction 1.1. Research background The goal of an organization is to survive as well as sustain its existence through an improvement in the performance (Saner, 2005). The performance must be increased since the needs of the highly competitive markets are ever changing. It has been suggested by literature that role of leadership plays a very significant part in the performance of an organization. Nonetheless, the findings of studies about this particular topic are mixed (Anderson, 2012). While some studies suggest that leadership is significant for the development of organizational performance while others have stated that leadership is not so important. Hence, all these findings which contradict each other demonstrate that further studies are required in this field. Moreover, much of the earlier researches have been on the role of leadership in restaurants as well as educational institutions. Thus, limited study has been conducted on the impact of leadership on organizational performance in the context of the customer service sector ("Transformational leadership the impact of its behaviors on manufacturing strategy", 2015). This sector has been receiving importance day by day since the attention of the firms is directed towards providing quality service to the customers. Thus, the present thesis motivates in the investigation of the effect of leadership on the performance of an organization in the context of customer services. Further formulation of the study has been described below. 1.2. Problem statement The occurrence of globalization has made the issue of leadership in companies a very crucial concept. Organizations have to face a lot of competition these days due to the increasingly competitive markets. Hence, the skills as well as the ability of the leaders in the company are required to be developed in order to gain compatibility in the global competition. A company can be considered to be compatible if it is productive and the performance levels are high. A leader must overcome all the issues which serve as hindrances on the path of reaching that stage. The elements which should be present in an organization to achieve the desired outcomes are empowerment of employees, culture of the organization, motivated employees and charismatic leaders (Awasthi, 2015). All these characteristics directly impact the effectiveness, effort as well as the employee satisfaction. The paper aims to describe the impact of leadership on the organizational performance. 1.3. Research question The course of the current study has been explained in the previous section. The fundamental objective of the thesis is to study the impact of leadership on the organizational performance. Hence, the research question is: How is the leadership behavior associated with organizational performance? The following sub-research objectives answer the research question as well as pick an approach for it. To study the concept as well as the types of leadership. To study the conceptualization along with several measures of the performance of an organization. To study how leadership affects the organizational performance. 1.4. Aims and objectives The aim of this study is to analyze the impact on the performance of an organization due to leadership. The main objectives are: To find out the concept as well as the types of leadership behavior. To investigate the impact of leadership on organizational performance. 1.5. Research hypotheses This study is maneuvered from the argument that there is no relationship between leadership and the performance of the organization. Therefore, the first hypothesis is associated with the impact of leadership on the organizational performance while the other two are connected to the effects of transactional and transformational leadership styles on the performance of the organization. 1.6. Limitations It is imperative that the limitations of a study are discussed. Therefore, the rather than proceeding further, the limitations are spelled out. First off, this study will concentrate only on 2 kinds of leadership behavior i.e. task behavior and rational behavior. In addition to this, the role of leadership is discussed only on the context of customer service. Therefore, the present study does not include manufacturing companies (Tetenbaum Tetenbaum, 2003). As already stated in the introduction, a limited understanding is available on the topic in the context of customer service sector. Thus, this study along with investigating the provided topic will also contribute to the existing studies on the topic. 1.7. Important studies about leadership and performance of organizations The most important studies which have been carried out on the impact of leadership on organizational performance have been discussed here. 125 Chinese firms were being analyzed for the purpose. This study had identified 2 types of leadership behavior which were task behavior and rationale behavior (Randall, 2003). By dwelling further into the study, the measurement of organizational performance was carried out by the means of growth in sales, profitability, competitive status and market share (Christensen, Cormack, Spice, 2011). It was discovered that the behavior of the leader which is task related is directly proportional to the performance of the organization. Impact of leadership behavior on the perfromance of organizations 2.1. Review of prior studies Several factors have been evaluated by former studies in order to demonstrate the growth of firms, but the part played by the leadership style of the CEO has not yet been discussed. Getting knowledge about the relationship between leadership styles, performance, management systems and business strategies provide ideas about the difference in the rate of growth of firms. According to a prior study, the behaviors and attitudes of the leaders play a considerable role in the shaping of the functions of firms (Fisscher, 2008). The leadership style indicates the tendency of the leaders in managerial actions and behaviors which is a crucial in determining the success of a company. Particularly, it is postulated that if a firm needs to succeed, the business strategies as well as the management practices are required to be in alignment with the leadership style of the owner or CEO. Transactional leadership connects the job performance with rewards and ensures that employees have all the resources which are essential for carrying out a task perfectly and thus, helps companies to attain the objectives efficiently (Kelly, 2006). The level of integration and interdependencies that are needed for the new work environment as well as global competition require leadership that goes beyond the more basic transactional styles, which involve contingent reinforcement and management-byexception, to styles that are more intellectually stimulating, inspirational, and charismatic (Gordon Gilley, 2012). Greater levels of commitment, cohesion, trust, performance and motivation are the result of transformational leadership. According to former research as well as Meta-analysis transformational positively impacts the performance by individuals along with the outcomes of organization (Page, 2010). 2.2. Studies supporting the topic Substantial attention has been received by organizational commitment in previous researches since it has an important effect on the attitudes of work such as performance, job satisfaction, intentions for turnover and non-attendance. According to a study by (Guerra-Lpez Blake, 2011), organizational commitment is defined as relative strength of the individuals identification along with the involvement of that individual with the specific firm. This, organizational commitment has is composed of three fundamental elements, namely: Identification believing strongly and accepting the goals and objectives of the organization. Involvement the tendency to put on efforts on behalf of the company. Loyalty the desire or intention of staying with the organization. The following figure shows the organizational performance relationship. Research Methodology 3.1. Research method In order to evaluate the data the manager of the company has been interviewed and several questions have been asked about the company. Also, a questionnaire was sent ot the employees for their responses against some questions which served as data for the study. 3.2. Research design and data collection This research is based on the primary data obtained by sending out questionnaires as well as conducting an interview with the manager of the DR Cambric Communication. Both qualitative as well as quantitative data has been used in the study (Johnstal, 2013). 3.3. Validity and reliability The ability of a research method to find the precise result is known as validity. Lack of viability in a study signifies that the findings were untrue. Reliability signifies the measurement of consistency in the production of similar results on different yet comparable findings. The validity of this present study has been calculated by serving a set of questionnaires to the employees of the company taken here (Marques, 2008). A telephonic interview has also been conducted with the manager. The required results have been procured from the interview as well as the response from the employees. 29 responses have been obtained from 54 employees and hence, the research is valid. The reliability has been tested by sending the questionnaires to the supervisor first in order to check the reliability. This pre-test had been done in order to check if the information can be counted as appropriate (Johnstal, 2013). Since more than 50% of the employees responded to the questionnaire, it signifies that the research is reliable. 3.4 Gantt Chart The below table displays the timeline for the entire project to be completed Task Name Start Day End day Duration (Days) Project Proposal 18/05/2016 28/05/2016 11 days Literature Review 29/05/2016 14/07/2016 47 days Data Collection 15/07/2016 14/08/2016 30 days Data Analysis 15/08/2016 14/09/2016 30 days Final report submission 15/09/2016 16/10/2016 31 days 3.5 Project budget and justification The budget for this proposed project is around $3000 that will help in completing the project within the given timeline as shown in the Gantt chart. Each deliverables budget have been allocated and proper justification is provided for the allocated costs are as follows- To execute the literature review various journal, articles and online resource are required and some of them are not free of cost. Thus, that will cost around $ 800. Data collection process has been carried out in this context though questionnaire survey and for this several mailing and printings has to be carried out and some of the postal services are being used. The entire process will cost around $1600 (Marques, 2006). For data analysis process some of the government figures and charts has to be accessed and for this a particular budget is allocated for this activity around $600. Particulars Allocated budget Literature review $800 Data collection $1600 Data analysis $600 Total allocated budget $3000 Empirical Findings 4.1. Introduction to case company The foundation of DR Cambric Communication was laid in 2009 where the3 vision of the company was to offer services to entrepreneurs worldwide. DR Cambric Communication is a call center which serves customers present worldwide. The organization has paid assistance to businesses as well as entrepreneurs by offering them better solutions in order to provide services to customers ("Leadership Coaching: From Personal Insight to Organisational Performance", 2004). Presently, the company is carrying out 3 main projects in Australia, Canada and UK. These projects have formed the backbone of the organization. The company runs in a 24 hour shift with 52 employees who work in 3 different shifts. 4.2. Analysis of interview In the telephonic interview with the manager of DR Cambric Communication, said that the growth of the business was rapid. He said that the various techniques were used in order for the motivation of employees since they are most vital parts of a firm. Some tools which were mentioned by the manager have been listed below: Tool 1: effective deals are provided on a fixed target and on completing it, the employees are taken out fast food restaurants. Tool 2: cash is provided for as a bonus for weekly targets. Tool 3: on the achievement of monthly targets, employees are taken out to picnics. The above signifies that the strategy used for motivation is reward based and is among the best leadership behaviors. The manager stated that growth of a company is directly proportional to the hard work by the employees. When asked about the relationship between the CEO and the employees, he stated that the relationship is neither too lenient nor too strict. Counter Strike (a game) tournaments are arranged to refresh the employees (Maccoby Scudder, 2011). Therefore, it can be stated that the leadership in the case organization demonstrates a democratic as well as transactional leadership. The mamager was asked about the impact of leadership on the organizational performance and he stated that the quality of leadership matters when the employees have to work as a team and benefit the company. 4.3. Analysis of research questionnaire The survey questionnaire has been dealt here. The results have been evaluated in graphs. The following sets of figures explain everything. 5.1. Conclusions This research aimed to find out the impact of leadership on the performance of an organization. The research on the case company showed the growth of the firm with the assistance of leadership behaviors. It can be concluded that the leadership type shown by the CEO was democratic and transactional (Manderscheid Ardichvili, 2008). From the telephonic interview as well as the survey obtained from the questionnaire, one of the main reasons for the rapid growth of the company is the actions of the CEO towards the company and its employees. 5.2. Recommendations This study demonstrates that leadership is crucial in companies which are related to the service sector. Here it has been analyzed how a firm attains success and reaches to the goals and targets. Various leadership behaviors have been discussed here along with their impacts on companies. These notions can be used for future research and can also contribute to the improved performance among employees and motivate them. References Anderson, D. (2012). Is building relationships the key to leadership?.Performance Improvement,51(2), 15-21. Christensen, B., Cormack, E., Spice, B. (2011). Evaluating leadership development in an academic program.Performance Improvement,50(1), 9-16. Fisscher, O. (2008). Creative Leadership, Skills That Drive Change By Gerard J. Puccio, Mary C. Murdock and Marie Mance.Creativity And Innovation Gordon, G. Gilley, J. (2012). A trust-leadership model.Performance Improvement,51(7), 28-35. Kelly, S. (2006). Leadership Refrains: Patterns of Leadership.Leadership,2(2), 181-201. Leadership Coaching: From Personal Insight to Organisational Performance. (2004).Int J Productivity Perf Mgmt,53(3).

Saturday, April 11, 2020

All Quiet On The Western Front Essays (2152 words) -

All Quiet On The Western Front All Quiet on the Western Front, a novel set in World War I, based around the changes formed by the war on one young German soldier. During his time in the war, the main character, Paul Baumer, changes from an innocent boy to a hardened veteran. More importantly, during the course of this change, Baumer outcasts himself from those societal influences that has been the base of his life before the war. This rejection comes as a result of Baumer's realization that the pre-enlistment society does not understand the reality of the Great War. His new society and fellow soldiers then becomes his foundation because that is a group which understands the truth as Baumer has experienced it. Remarque demonstrates Baumer's withdraw from his traditional life by stressing the language of Baumer's past and present societies. Baumer either can not, or chooses not to, communicate truthfully with those representatives of his innocent and former days. Further, he is shocked by the dull and meaningless language that is used by members of his past society. As he becomes estranged from his former, traditional, society, Baumer is able to communicate effectively only with his military partners. Since the novel is told from the first person point of view, the reader can see how the words Baumer speaks are disagreeing with his true feelings. In his preface to the novel, Remarque maintains that "a generation of men ... were destroyed by the war," (Remarque, All Quiet Preface). Indeed, in All Quiet on the Western Front, the meaning of language itself is destroyed. Early in the novel, Baumer notes how his elders had been easy with words prior to his enlistment. Specifically, teachers and parents had used words to persuade him and other young men to enlist in the war effort. After relating the tale of a teacher who exhorted his students to enlist, Baumer states that "teachers always carry their feelings ready in their waistcoat pockets, and trot them out by the hour" (Remarque, All Quiet I. 13). Baumer admits that he, and others, were fooled by this rhetorical deceit. Parents, too, were not reluctant to using words to shame their sons into enlisting. "At that time even one's parents were ready with the word 'coward'" (Remarque, All Quiet I. 13). Remembering those days, Baumer asserts that, as a result of his war experiences, he has learned how shallow the use of these words was. Indeed, early in his enlistment, Baumer understands that although authority figures, "taught that duty to one's country is the greatest thing, we already knew that death-throes are stronger. But for all that, we were no mutineers, no deserters, no cowards-they were very free with these expressions. We loved our country as much as they; we went courageously into every action; but also we distinguished the false from true, we had suddenly learned to see." (Remarque, All Quiet I. 17) What Baumer and his comrades have learned is that the words and expressions used by the society do not reflect the reality of war and of one's participation in it. As the novel progresses, Baumer himself uses words in a similarly false fashion. A number of instances of Baumer's own misuse of language occur during an important episode in the novel-a period of leave when he visits his home town. This leave is unfortunate for Baumer because he realizes that he can not communicate with the people in his home town because of his military experiences and their limited understanding of the war. When he first enters his house, for example, Baumer is overwhelmed at being home. His joy and relief are such that he cannot speak; he can only weep (Remarque, All Quiet VII. 140). When he and his mother greet each other, he realizes immediately that he has nothing to say to her: "We say very little and I am thankful that she asks nothing" (Remarque, All Quiet VII. 141). But finally she does speak to him and asks, "'Was it very bad out there, Paul?'" (Remarque, All Quiet VII. 143). Here, when he answers, he lies, apparently to protect her from hearing of the horrible conditions from which he has just returned. He thinks to himself, "Mother, what should I answer to that! You would not understand, you could never realize it. And you never shall realize it. Was it bad, you ask.-You, Mother,--I shake my head and say: "No, Mother, not so very. There are always a lot of us together so it isn't so bad." (Remarque, All

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

11 Fun Toddler Learning Games for Your Preschooler

Fun Toddler Learning Games for Your Preschooler SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Looking for games that your toddler will both enjoy and gain important skills from? We’ve got you covered! In this guide, we go over of the best toddler learning games. These educational games for toddlers can be played with few materials, one or more children, and toddlers of varying age ranges. For each game, we explain what skills it will teach toddlers and give instructions on how to set up and play the game. How Can Learning Games Benefit Toddlers? Toddlers’ minds and bodies are undergoing huge changes during this time of their lives, as they learn to communicate, think, and move in completely new ways as they move out of babyhood. Games are one of the best ways for toddlers to develop these new skills because they’re easy and fun to participate in. Some of the skills toddler learning games can teach include: Gross and fine motor skills Language development Creativity/imagination Critical thinking and analysis Counting Social skills Learning games can help toddlers be prepared for when they start school by giving them a leg up on topics such as numbers, colors, and letters. The social skills they learn from these games, such as sharing and listening to instructions, will also make school, daycare, or even play dates more enjoyable because your toddler will have more experience interacting with other children and being a fair playmate. Examples of Toddler Learning Games Below are examples of educational games for toddlers that can teach everything from counting to motor skills to following directions. For each of these toddler learning games, we give a brief description, an overview of the materials needed, and directions on how to play the game. #1: Car Parking Numbers This counting game takes only a few minutes to set up, but once it’s ready your toddler can play with it over and over again to practice their counting skills. This game also helps toddlers practice fine motor skills when steering the cars into the correct parking spot. Materials: Shallow cardboard box with lid removed Matchbox cars (plastic horses are also a good substitute) Permanent marker Small pieces of paper Tape Directions: Tape a number to the top of each car, then draw the same number of â€Å"parking spaces† in the cardboard box. Label each of the spaces with a number so that each numbered car has a parking spot with a corresponding number. Your toddler can then â€Å"drive† each car into the matching parking spot while you discuss numbers and counting with them. As your toddler’s counting skills grow, add more parking spots and numbered cars to keep them learning. #2: Simon Says A great game for teaching toddlers how to follow instructions, Simon Says can be played with any number of children. You can also tailor it to different areas of learning, such as a Simon Says game that focuses on moving different body parts, identifying different shapes, etc. In fact, studies have shown that young children who play Simon Says go on to have improved math and literacy skills, so this game truly has a whole host of benefits! Materials: None required Directions: To play Simon Says, choose one person to be Simon (it’s best to start off with you or an older child being Simon until younger kids get the hang of the game). â€Å"Simon† then calls out commands such as â€Å"jump up and down† or â€Å"touch your toes.† The key is the other players must listen for the phrase â€Å"Simon says† before each command before they follow it. If they follow a command you didn’t preface with â€Å"Simon says† then they are out. The last person remaining in the game is the winner. #3: Foam Writing Many toddlers still struggle to correctly hold a pencil at this age, but you can help them practice their writing and drawing skills with foam writing. They’ll love playing with foam, and at the same time they can learn how to form different letters and shapes. Materials: Shaving cream Large, flat surface that can be covered with shaving cream Directions: Spread the shaving cream in a thick, even layer across the surface. For younger toddlers you can start with just having them draw any patterns they like in the foam to improve motor skills. For older toddlers, write a number, letter, shape, etc. in the foam and have your toddler copy you. As they get more advanced, you can also have them write out letters or numbers on their own without you writing them first. After you’ve played for a while, the foam can be smoothed over with your hands to create a blank surface again. #4: Sorting Most toddlers love sorting things, from their toys to the food on their plate, and you can use this activity to help them learn. It’s also very easy to customize this game to focus on whatever you want your toddler to learn: colors, shapes, sizes, etc. This game will help your toddler recognize similarities and differences between items and learn the basics of categorization. Materials: Items that have multiple types of whatever characteristic you want your toddler to identify. (ex. If you want your toddler to learn about colors, gather items of several different colors) Directions: For the sorting game, you can either ask your toddler to sort the items based on a specific characteristic (â€Å"show me all your red toys† or â€Å"can you group your toys together by color?†) or you can ask them to sort the items on their own, then ask them to explain how they sorted them. This is a great game for facilitating discussions with your toddler as you talk about the different objects and how they are similar to and different from each other. #5: Board and Card Games Board and card games can be a great way to teach toddlers how to follow rules, wait for their turn, and learn whatever skills the games are promoting. There are board games for toddlers that focus on the alphabet, other focus on counting, colors, etc. Materials: An age-appropriate board game for toddlers. Some of our favorites are: Go Fish Candy Land The Sneaky, Snacky Squirrel Game Chutes and Ladders Directions: Read the directions for the game, and start playing! If you’re looking for other board and card games, search for those meant for ages 2-4, as these will have rules and playing times specifically designed to help toddlers learn the game and have fun. Don’t be surprised if you don’t make it through the entire game, as toddlers have short attention spans and, even if they enjoy the game, they’ll likely want to move onto another activity fairly quickly. You can continue the benefits of the game by bringing it up a short time later. For example, at lunch you can say, â€Å"Remember the board game we played earlier where we counted how many fish you caught? Let’s count how many pieces of fruit are on your plate.† #6: Story Time Toddlers love listening to stories, and you can get them to practice their creativity skills by encouraging them to participate in the story you’re telling, as well as incorporate important lessons you’d like them to know. By age three, many children know roughly 400 words, and they love hearing words they understand, especially when words/phrases are repeated throughout the story so that they’re easier to remember. Materials: Children’s book (or you can make up your own story) Some recommendations: Hand, Hand, Fingers, Thumb. By: Al Perkins Chicka Chicka Boom Boom. By: Bill Martin Jr. One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish. By: Dr. Seuss Dear Zoo. By: Rod Campbell Directions: Read/tell the story, stopping every now and then to ask your toddler questions like, â€Å"What do you think will happen next?† or â€Å"Do you think [character] treated her friend nicely?† then listen to your toddler’s responses and either continue the conversation, continue the story, or alternate between the two. #7: What’s Missing? This memory game can be played in nearly any room of the house, and it helps toddlers work on naming and describing objects as well as improving their memory. Materials: 4-5 objects of any kind A tray to place the objects on Towel to cover the objects Directions: Place the objects (toys, household items, foods, etc.) on the tray and look at them with your toddler. Name each item to help them remember it. Then, cover the items with the towel and ask your toddler to cover their eyes/turn around. Remove one of the items and set it aside in a place the toddler can’t see. Next, remove the towel and have your toddler tell you which item was removed. You can give them hints to help if they’re struggling to remember such as, â€Å"It’s a yellow fruit that’s sour.† To make the game more challenging, add more items to the tray and/or remove more than one item at a time. #8: Hokey-Pokey This classic game is a great way to get toddlers moving, as well as teach them about listening to directions and learning the names of different body parts. Many older kids love the song as well, so it can be used to occupy children of a variety of ages. Materials: None required Directions: Have the children stand in a line or a circle, and start singing! Lyrics are here, but feel free to substitute different body parts for different verses if you desire. Even if kids don’t know the song, they’ll pick it up after a few minutes and join you in the singing. #9: Memory Game Toddler’s memories are beginning to develop at a very rapid rate, and this is a great way to test their growing skills. Any version of the game will help toddlers hone their memory skills, and you can also make your own cards to focus on whatever you want your toddler to learn, whether that’s shapes, colors, animals, etc. Materials: About eight or ten cards with matching pairs. There are memory card sets available to buy, or you can also make your own with images, letters, numbers, colors, etc. you want your toddler to learn. Just make sure you make two of each image/figure. This game can also be played with several two-piece puzzles that children can match together. For an outdoor version, you can make oversized cards out of posterboard and spread them across the lawn, then follow the rest of the directions below. Directions Lay out the cards, face down, in a grid pattern on a flat surface. Each player takes a turn flipping over any two cards they choose. If the cards are a match, they get to remove them from the game. If they aren’t a match, the cards get flipped back over. The trick is to remember where they’ve seen cards from previous turns so they can eventually find all the matching pairs. The person with the most matched pairs wins. Younger toddlers may need some hints to play the game when they first start, and talking about the cards as they’re flipped over can also help children remember them more easily. #10: Indoor Bowling While most toddlers are too young for actual bowling alleys (it can be difficult for them to roll the ball with enough force it needs to make it to the end of the lane), you can set up your own bowling alley in just a few minutes at home. In addition to motor skills, this game can be used to teach toddlers the basics of counting, and even addition and subtraction (ex. If there are ten pins and you knocked four down, how many are left?). Materials: 6 or 10 empty containers of similar size/shape (soda cans work well for this) Tennis ball or small plastic ball Masking tape Directions: Use the masking tape to mark out the bowling lane (a few meters should be long enough). Arrange the containers in a pyramid at the end of the lane, either (if using ten containers) four on the top, then three on the second level, two, then one, or (if using six) three, then two, then one. Your toddler can then roll the ball along the â€Å"lane† and see how many containers they can knock over. #: Count the Flowers A fun springtime activity, Count the Flowers combines some arts and crafts with a counting game that will help toddlers learn their numbers. Materials: Fake flower pieces (about 10-20) Popsicle sticks Hot glue gun Several plastic containers that you can write or stick numbers to Directions: Glue a flower to the top of each popsicle stick, then clearly label each container with a number, going up as high as you’d like to. When you’re ready to play the game, display the containers in a row, with their numbers visible. They can be in numerical or random order, depending on how difficult you’d like the game to be. Have each toddler choose a container, then ask them to put the proper number of â€Å"flowers† in it. So, if they chose the container with a â€Å"3† on it, they’d need to put three flowers inside it. Correct them if they make a mistake and use it as an opportunity to count together with them. Tips for Teaching Toddlers Toddlers aren’t always known for being the easiest people to keep occupied, but these three tips can help playtime remain fun and educational for everyone involved. Keep Games Short Toddlers have notoriously short attention spans, and trying to get them to play a long and involved game is a recipe for disaster. All of the games we discussed in this article can be completed in just a few minutes, which may be all the time your toddler is willing to spend on an activity some days. They can also each be extended if your toddler gets really into the game and is able to focus on it for a longer period of time. When doing these or any other preschool learning games, let your toddler dictate how long (s)he wants to play, and don’t give up on a game if they aren’t that interested in it the first time they play it. Use Repetition Toddlers love repetition, whether it’s a song with a repeating chorus or a game that requires repeated actions to play it. Toddlers experience so many new things each day that they love repetition, both because it gives them a sense of order and because it helps them improve their memory. There aren’t many instances when a toddler can predict what will happen next, so they love when it happens in their games. Ask Them Questions When you’re tired of reading the same book or playing the same game every day for a month, you can change things up by asking questions about the game they’re playing and why they make certain choices. For example, if your toddler is playing with cars, you can ask her which car is her favorite, why she likes that one the best, how it reminds her of the car she rides in, etc. Any question that gets your toddler thinking critically and engaged in conversation will help them develop key skills they’ll use throughout life. Summary: Educational Games for Toddlers Toddler learning games are a great way for young children to learn numerous skills, as well as engage in fun playtime. Each of the activities listed in this article can be modified to suit different ages, group sizes, and time requirements. When playing educational games for toddlers, it’s important to keep the pre k learning games short, use repetition, and ask them questions while they play to ensure they get the most out of these games. What's Next? If you enjoy working with toddlers, then perhaps an early childhood education degree is right for you.Our guide goes over what this degree entails in terms of coursework, and gives you a helpful list of the best online BA in Early Childhood Education degree programs. Pipe cleaner crafts can be a great activity for toddlers.Read our guide for simple instructions for 31 fun pipe cleaner crafts for kids. Looking for games for other age groups?Check out our guides on general learning games, spelling games, and alphabet games. (coming soon) Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Christine Sarikas About the Author Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries. Get Free Guides to Boost Your SAT/ACT Get FREE EXCLUSIVE insider tips on how to ACE THE SAT/ACT. 100% Privacy. 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Saturday, February 22, 2020

Education Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Education - Research Paper Example This essay will in detail include the QAR technique and also expound on this technique as a method of a pre-reading strategy. In this essay, the strategies discussed include the QAR strategy, an excerpt strategy and a visual graphic, organization strategy. QAR Strategy Taffy Raphael was an educationist who came up with the QAR tool. QAR is an abbreviation of the words Question Answer Relationship. This is a tool used in clarification of how the students are able to read texts and also provide appropriate answers from them. This strategy relieves the learners from engaging in other tiresome background information. Therefore, it enables the learner to discover what they are reading and its structure. This article is based on a content area reading field at large. According to this methodology, questions are presented to ensure that the learner can be able to give the correct responses of the questions. In addition, the QAR strategy presented below is linked with the book in discussion. QAR #1: Give a brief history concerning the foundation of the context area reading? QAR #2: Discuss the advantages and disadvantages that are involved in the content area reading process? QAR #3: Describe the content area reading field in regard to the book? QAR #4: Go through a brief significance of the content area reading field? Also, explain the main factors that are related to the QAR strategy? QAR #5: Is the CAR movement of any help to the general public? QAR #6: What is entailed in the content area reading sector? The questions presented above can help the learner cover an extensive field of study. This entails the learner’s research on the questions given and possibly coming up with the required results. For instance, if a learner is serious enough, he/ she can scan through the questions and try to come up with the correct responses to aid in his knowledge. 505 page excerpt for reading strategy Chapter 1, Section 1 Foundations of content area reading Questions are th e answers The field of context reading has significantly grown basing on its response from teaches in the middle section and secondary school. This concept was inaugurated in the 1930s. From a current perspective, this concept enables students to read the content areas and come up with skills from expert information. When instructors face a class, they open a book and elaborate in order to explain and clarify conceived questions. However, most students do not recognize the nature of the questions developed. Much of the content entailed comprises of well developed content that responds to pivotal questions. In reality, most of the questions are from the instructors who have recently launched a field known as content area reading (CAR). Firstly, those going through the text should take a significant approach to the CAR field. Secondly, after the learner fully understands the pivotal questions, then it is easier for them to come up with their own possible solutions. Finally, making new areas of study is undoubtedly vital to any student. This is the overall basis for a long and improved long-term memory, application of new knowledge in other forms of learning processes and sound concept formation (Anthony, Manzo & Matthew, 2009). In general, the CAR movement has enormously improved the school improvement. This shows that their aim of enabling students to read environment is quite a success. Lastly, the content area reading book is of significant representation to each and every learner. Graphical organization